Originally known as Saxe Gotha Township when it was created by the Colonial government in 1735, Lexington has a unique and rich history. The county began simply as a buffer between the city of Charleston and the Native Americans. Creative locals built a thriving business community in the area around the Congaree River in present-day Cayce, supporting trade between the colonists and the Native Americans. Emigrants from Germany and Switzerland were invited to become pioneers. They were independent, hard-working farmers who built the area into a strong and sustaining home despite numerous trials and tribulations. Native American wars, fires, Civil War, depressions, and world wars only solidified these settlers' strong sense of ownership and pride in their county. Today visitors enjoy over 50 historical sites and recreation facilities.