Albert Einstein: A BiographyeBook - 2012
Albert Einstein is regarded by many people as the greatest scientific mind in the history of the world. Why? Well, there are many reasons, but one of the most important is that his theories led directly to the creation of the atom bomb, and with it, the dawn of the nuclear age. Not only did his work in theoretical physics-in particular, his famous e=mc2 equation-indicate that it would be possible to build a massively destructive bomb, the like of which had never been seen before, Einstein himself urged the United States government to go ahead and build it. Most historians agree that Germany's invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939, marked the beginning of World War II in Europe. But about one month before that date-on August 2, 1939-Einstein, who was living in America at the time, wrote to the then President of the US, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, outlining the ongoing scientific breakthroughs-made by Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard-that could lead to the creation of "extremely powerful bombs of a new type" and suggesting that the government should fund, manage and speed up the progress towards such weapons. In the letter, Einstein explained that the key element used in these scientific "chain reaction" experiments was an element called uranium, which would become critical to the making of the bombs in the immediate future. To that end, he recommended that the US government should give particular attention to securing the supply of uranium ore, particularly as the US had no significant uranium mines of its own. Einstein further pointed out that Germany had stopped exports from the uranium mines it owned in Czechoslovakia, implying that if the US did not develop the new bombs, Germany will.
Publisher: [United States] : Hyperink : Made available through hoopla, 2012
Characteristics: 1 online resource