Osama Bin Laden
War on Terror
The September 11 attack shocked Americans. America had been the target of terrorist attacks overseas in the past, but they were seen as isolated cases. This perception would change after 9/11, when it became clear that America itself was now a target. But it would not give up without a fight. The 9/11 attacks were carried by a small group called Al Qaeda - a misunderstood terrorist organization based in Afghanistan - and protected there by the Taliban government. Its leading figure was a man named Osama bin Laden. On September 21, 2001 George Bush made it clear - if the Talibans would harbor the terrorists, they would now became the target. With this address to Congress, Bush will shape the rest of his Presidency: the 'War on Terror' and finding Osama bin Laden became priority number one. The Taliban rejected this ultimatum, and on October 7, the U.S. government quickly launched military operations in Afghanistan with airstrikes focussed on and around the cities of Kabul, Jalalabad, and Kandahar. As the bombing intensified, Osama bin Laden fled into the caves of Tora Bora, south of the capital. In December, Delta Force got a tip off as to the location of bin Laden. An airstrike occurred but somehow, Osama bin Laden had managed to escape. US investigators later learned that he didn't go south into Pakistan, instead he took a route north back to Jalalabad, right under the noses of approaching US and British forces. US authorities had come so close, but bin Laden had vanished. Several years went by without a single tip, surveillance photo or monitored transmission of any value. After Tora Bora, the Americans knew that next time an occasion to capture Bin Laden arose, they would do it themselves. In the 1980's the United States assisted rebel groups in Afghanistan fighting the Soviets during the Cold War. During this time, Saudi-born Osama Bin Laden joined the Afghan resistance. After the Cold War ended, Bin Laden and his comrades established a general headquarters for future jihad - and Al-Qaeda was born. In August 1990, Iraq invaded Kuwait, and the US led the coalition, which included Saudi Arabia. The presence of American soldiers in Saudi Arabia enraged bin Laden. He suggested a jihad to retake Kuwait. The Saudi government silenced him by taking away his passport. From that point, Osama bin Laden turned radically anti- American. He moved to Sudan in 1991 and set up a complex set of intertwined business and terrorist enterprises. By 1998, Al-Qaeda felt comfortable enough to issue a declaration of war and a fatwa to kill Americans and their allies. Over the next several years, they attacked US embassies and military forces on foreign soil. Bin Laden was a suspect in the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center; and the 1995 plot in Manila to blow up U.S. airplanes over the Pacific. In 2000, he directed the attack and subsequent bombing of the USS Cole. Inspired by the success of the attack, Al Qaeda began preparing an attack on American soil. The 11th September 2001 was a day no American will ever forget as they watched in shock the terrorist attacks in New York, Washington and Pennsylvania unfold - and the terms ?9/11and ?War on Terrorwere forever entrenched in history. Following this was the London Bombing; The Bali Bombing and a string of others - all with links to Al-Qaeda, and Osama bin Laden. He became top of America's most wanted list. In 2010, the CIA intercepted a phone conversation between another suspect and Abu Ahmed al-Kuwaiti, a known Al Qaeda courier. They tracked him to a large compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan where it became clear that the compound was custom-built to hide someone of significance - most likely, bin Laden. Over a number of months, President Obama met with his national security advisers and authorized the mission to kill or capture bin Laden. CIA Director Leon Panetta gave the go-ahead at midday o...
[United States] : Shami Media Group : Made available through hoopla, 2010
1 online resource (1 video file (ca. 48 min.)) : sd., col